GREECE: GREEK GEOGRAPHY

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GREECE: GREEK GEOGRAPHY

Population: 10.939.771 (2001 - inventory) 
More than 4 millions Greeks are estimated to live abroad, including over 2 millions in America.
Sex distribution: Male 49,6% , Female: 50,4% (2001). 
Population by areas: Urban: 57,7%, Rural: 42,3% (1991). 
Area (sq. km): 131.957 
Density: 82,9 inhabitants per sq. km. (2001) 
Birth rate: 9,72 per 1000 inhabitants (1997) 
Life expectancy: males 74,6 years (1990), Females 79,40 years (1990) 
Capital city: Athens (3.192.606 inhabitants - 2001) 

Data from National Statistical Service of Greece
 


Religious affiliations:
Of all citizens of the Hellenic Republic 97,6% are Greek Orthodox, 1,3% Muslim, 0,4% Roman Catholic, 0,7% other, including Jews.

Language: The Greek language with a documented record spanning three and a half millennia is a strong element of national continuity. Modern Greek derives from the same idiom used by Homer. Greek is also the language of the Gospels. The Greek alphabet and the Greek language have contributed much to all western languages. Today's Greeks, however, are the only ones who ensure this linguistic continuity. In this respect Greek, is to be distinguished sharply from Latin which generated numerous neo-latin languages from Rumanian to Portuguese before it became itself extinct. 

Geography

Mountains of Greece

Name Geographical Region Height (m)
Olympos Macedonia 2.904
Smolikas Macedonia 2.631
Grammos Macedonia 2.521
Voras Macedonia 2.519
Giona Sterea Ellada 2.507
Tymfi (Gamila) Epirus 2.499
Parnassos Sterea Ellada 2.455
Idi (Psiloritis) Crete 2.454
Lefka Ori Crete 2.454
Athamanon Ori Epirus 2.429
Vardoussia Sterea Ellada 2.413 
Taygetos Peloponnese 2.404
Kyllini Peloponnese 2.374
Aroania Peloponnese 2.338
Varnous Macedonia 2.329
Tymfristos Sterea Ellada 2.312
Lakmos Epirus 2.294
Pindos (Ligos) Epirus 2.249

Data from Army Geographical Service

Lakes
There are 21 lakes which total 59,890 hectares in area (and 14 artificial lakes), while the 33 deltas of the greek rivers cover 327,100 hectares. 

Major Lakes

Name Geographical Region Area (km2
Trichonis Sterea Ellada 95,840
Volvi Macedonia 70,353
Vegoritis  Macedonia  54,311
Bistonis Thraki 45,030
Koronia Macedonia 42,823
Mikri Prespa Macedonia 42,541
Megali Prespa Macedonia 39,040
Kerkini Macedonia 37,688
Kastoria Macedonia 28,655
Ioannina Epirus 19,470 
Iliki Sterea Ellada 19,118
Doiranis Macedonia 15,350
Amvrakia Sterea Ellada 14,477
Lisimachia Sterea Ellada 13,085
Petron Macedonia 12,294

Data from Army Geographical Service

Rivers

Rivers of Greece

River Length (km)
Aliakmon 297
Acheloos 220
Pinios (Thessalia) 205
Evros (*) 204
Nestos (*) 130
Strymonas (*) 118
Thiamis 115
Alfios 110
Arachthos 110
Enipefs 84
Evrotas 82
Assopos 80
Louros  80
Sperchios  80
Megdovas 78
Axios (*) 76
Aoos (*) 70
Gallikos 70
Ladonas 70
Mornos 70
Pinios (Peloponissos) 70
(*) length of river on Greek territory

 

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